Joint Replacement Dubai

Joint alternative surgery or joint arthroplasty is performed most often to substitute hip joints and knee joints and entails the complete removal of the broken joint and tissues to be changed with a synthetic prosthesis. The purpose of the system is to relieve the ache and restoration experience of ordinary function and mobility into the broken joint. Joint alternative surgical procedures are recommended for patients experiencing extreme ache and disability as a result of innovative arthritis.

Anatomy of the knee

Joints are the areas the place 2 or more bones meet. Most joints are mobile, permitting the bones to move. Basically, the knee is 2 long leg bones held collectively by using muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Each bone quit is covered with a layer of cartilage that absorbs shock and protects the knee.

There are two organizations of muscle mass concerned in the knee, inclusive of the quadriceps muscular tissues (located on the front of the thighs), which straighten the legs, and the hamstring muscle mass (located on the returned of the thighs), which bend the leg at the knee.

Tendons are challenging cords of connective tissue that connect muscular tissues to bones. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that join bone to bone. Some ligaments of the knee furnish steadiness and safety of the joints, whilst different ligaments restrict ahead and backward movement of the tibia (shin bone).

The knee consists of the following:

  • Tibia. This is the shin bone or large bone of the lower leg.

  • Femur. This is the thighbone or top leg bone.

  • Patella. This is the kneecap.

  • Cartilage. A kind of tissue that covers the floor of a bone at a joint. Cartilage helps decrease the friction of motion inside a joint.

  • Synovial membrane. A tissue that lines the joint and seals it into a joint capsule. The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid (a clear, sticky fluid) around the joint to lubricate it.

  • Ligament. A kind of tough, elastic connective tissue that surrounds the joint to give guide and limits the joint's movement.

  • Tendon. A kind of tough connective tissue that connects muscle mass to bones and helps to control the movement of the joint.

  • Meniscus. A curved phase of cartilage in the knees and different joints that acts as a shock absorber, will increase the contact area and deepens the knee joint.

What is knee joint replacement?

Knee joint replacement is a technique that involves changing an injured or unwell knee with an artificial joint, or prosthesis.

The prosthesis is made of metallic alloys, plastics, and polymers. It mimics the function of a knee. According to the surgeons in Dubai, replacement knees can match your wishes and specifications. When selecting a prosthetic knee, your physician will take into account your:

  • Age

  • Weight

  • Activity level

  • Overall health

The manner to do away with your ancient knee and replace it with a prosthesis commonly takes much less than two hours, but healing and rehabilitation can ultimate months.

Another identity for this technique is knee arthroplasty. Knee replacements are very common surgery. It is noticed that in Dubai more than 600,000 knee replacements show up every 12 months in the United States.

Points To Remember About Joint Replacement Surgery

  • Joint substitute surgical operation removes broken or diseased parts of a joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts.

  • The desires of the joint alternative surgical procedures are to relieve pain, assist the joint work better, and enhance walking and other movements.

  • Risks of problems after joint alternative surgical procedures are plenty decrease than they used to be.

  • An exercise application can limit joint pain and stiffness.

  • Wearing away of the joint floor may turn out to be a trouble after 15 to 20 years.

Reasons for the procedure

Knee alternative surgical operation is a therapy for pain and incapacity in the knee. The most common circumstance that results in the need for knee substitute surgical procedure is osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is characterized by using the breakdown of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with the severe degenerative joint disorder may also be unable to do normal things to do that involve bending at the knee, such as on foot or mountaineering stairs because they are painful. The knee can also swell or “give-way” because the joint is now not stable.

Other types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that effects from a knee injury, may additionally also lead to degeneration of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments may additionally lead to irreversible injury to the knee joint.

If medical remedies are not satisfactory, the knee substitute surgical procedures may also be a wonderful treatment. Some medical remedies for a degenerative joint ailment may additionally include, but are not restricted to, the following:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications

  • Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate

  • Pain medications

  • Limiting painful activities

  • Assistive devices for walking such as a cane

  • Physical therapy

  • Cortisone injections into the knee joint

  • Viscosupplementation injections (to add lubrication into the joint to make joint movement less painful)

  • Weight loss

Risks

As with any surgical procedure, problems can occur. Some feasible complications may additionally include, however, are not restricted to, the following:

  • Bleeding

  • Infection

  • Blood clots in the legs or lungs

  • Loosening or sporting out of the prosthesis

  • Fracture

  • Continued ache or stiffness

The replacement knee joint might also turn out to be loose, be dislodged, or may also now not work the way it was once intended. The joint might also have to be replaced again in the future.

Nerves or blood vessels in the region of surgical operation may additionally be injured, resulting in weak points or numbness. The joint ache may additionally now not be relieved via surgery.

There may additionally be other risks relying on your unique clinical condition. Be positive to discuss any worries with your doctor prior to the procedure.

Conclusion

Joint substitute surgical treatment is designed to replace the damaged cartilage and any bone loss. During the procedure, the damaged joint is resurfaced, and the patient’s muscle mass and ligaments are used to assist and function.